Basil Hassan - Rozana "Why are they doing this to us? what do they want from us? why are they shelling the camp? .. We are starving to death here!" Those questions from an elderly from Yarmouk camp for Palestinian refugees, summarize pretty much the state of mind of the camp besieged inhabitants living under constant shelling by regime forces. Yarmouk camp in Damascus is the largest Palestinian refugee camps in Syria since the Nakba in 1948, and many Palestinians call it "the capital of the Palestinian diaspora." The tragedy of the camp began in December 16, 2012 when the opposition armed groups entered Yarmouk and drove the People's Palestinian Committees out. Then the regime started shelling the camp with various types of artillery, those attacks are still happening almost on daily basis. Later, the regime enforced a brutal siege on the camp to deprive its 400 thousand from food. Operation “Starvation and Submission” The truce initiative came as a result of the rapidly deteriorating living conditions in the camp. It was a part of the regime’s siege on the southern area of the capital Damascus. Activist Mohammed Abu Nasr calls it operation “Starvation and Submission,” which was intended to put an immense pressure on rebels in Damascus. The truce in Yarmouk camp has failed because the regime demanded that all Palestinian, opposition and Islamic armed groups to surrender their weapons and fighters as a condition to proceed with the truce. Abu Nasr believes that the existence of Islamic armed groups such as Jabhat al-Nusra and ISIS made the truce out of the question since it is almost impossible to make these groups leave Yarmouk. Failure of the Palestinian leadership Palestinian thinker Salameh Keeleh believes that the official silence about the suffering of the Palestinian refugees in Syria is a clear indication of the failure of the Palestinian leadership and its inability to represent all Palestinians. Keeleh maintains that the Palestinian cause is an Arab cause par excellence, and that the triumph of Arab peoples over their oppressive dictatorships is essential to the triumph of the Palestinians.